Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Cells of all living organisms have evolved complex mechanisms that serve to stabilise, repair and restart stalled, blocked and broken replication forks. The heterodimeric Mus81-Eme1/Mms4 structure-specific endonuclease appears to play an important role(s) in homologous recombination-mediated processing of such perturbed forks. This enzyme has been implicated in the cleavage of stalled and blocked replication forks to initiate recombination, as well as in the processing of recombination intermediates that result from repairing damaged forks. In this review we assess the biochemical and genetic evidence for the mitotic role of Mus81-Eme1/Mms4 at replication forks and in repairing post-replication DNA damage. Mus81 appears to act when replication is impeded by genotoxins or by impairment of the replication machinery, or when arrested replication forks are not adequately protected. We discuss how its action is regulated by the S-phase cell cycle checkpoint, depending on the nature of the stalled or damaged fork. We also present a new way in which Mus81 may limit crossing over during the repair of post-replication gaps, and explore Mus81's interplay with other components of the recombination machinery, including the RecQ helicases that also play important roles in processing replication and recombination intermediates.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.dnarep.2007.02.019

Type

Journal article

Journal

DNA Repair (Amst)

Publication Date

01/07/2007

Volume

6

Pages

1004 - 1017

Keywords

Animals, DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded, DNA Repair, DNA Replication, DNA-Binding Proteins, Endodeoxyribonucleases, Endonucleases, Flap Endonucleases, Humans, S Phase, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Trans-Activators