Comparative molecular dynamics--similar folds and similar motions?
Pang A., Arinaminpathy Y., Sansom MSP., Biggin PC.
Proteins possessing the same fold may undergo similar motions, particularly if these motions involve large conformational transitions. The increasing amounts of structural data provide a useful starting point with which to test this hypothesis. We have performed a total of 0.29 micros of molecular dynamics across a series of proteins within the same fold family (periplasmic binding proteinlike) in order to address to what extent similarity of motion exists. Analysis of the local conformational space on these timescales (10-20 ns) revealed that the behavior of the proteins could be readily distinguished between an apo-state and a ligand-bound state. Moreover, analysis of the root-mean-square fluctuations reveals that the presence of the ligand exerts a stabilizing effect on the protein, with similar motions occurring, but with reduced magnitude. Furthermore, the conformational space in the presence of the ligand appears to be dictated by sequence but not by the type of ligand present. In contrast, apo-simulations showed considerable overlap of conformational space across the fold as a result of their ability to undergo larger fluctuations. Indeed, we observed several transitions from different simulations between states corresponding to the closed-cleft and open-cleft forms of the fold, with the predominant motions being conserved across the different proteins. Thus, large-scale conformational changes do indeed appear to be conserved across this fold architecture, but smaller conformational motions appear to reflect the differences in sequence and local fold.