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Homologous recombination is believed to play important roles in processing stalled/blocked replication forks in eukaryotes. In accordance with this, recombination is induced by replication fork barriers (RFBs) within the rDNA locus. However, the rDNA locus is a specialised region of the genome, and therefore the action of recombinases at its RFBs may be atypical. We show here for the first time that direct repeat recombination, dependent on Rad22 and Rhp51, is induced by replication fork blockage at a site-specific RFB (RTS1) within a 'typical' genomic locus in fission yeast. Importantly, when the RFB is positioned between the direct repeat, conservative gene conversion events predominate over deletion events. This is consistent with recombination occurring without breakage of the blocked fork. In the absence of the RecQ family DNA helicase Rqh1, deletion events increase dramatically, which correlates with the detection of one-sided DNA double-strand breaks at or near RTS1. These data indicate that Rqh1 acts to prevent blocked replication forks from collapsing and thereby inducing deletion events.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/sj.emboj.7600670

Type

Journal article

Journal

EMBO J

Publication Date

01/06/2005

Volume

24

Pages

2011 - 2023

Keywords

Cell Cycle Proteins, DNA, DNA Damage, DNA Helicases, DNA Replication, DNA, Fungal, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Deletion, Models, Genetic, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Rad51 Recombinase, Recombination, Genetic, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, Transcription Factors, Ultraviolet Rays