Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The head direction (HD) system signals HD in an allocentric frame of reference. The system is able to update firing based on internally derived information about self-motion, a process known as path integration. Of particular interest is how path integration might maintain concordance between true HD and internally represented HD. Here we present a self-sustaining two-layer model, capable of self-organizing, which produces extremely accurate path integration. The implications of this work for future investigations of HD system path integration are discussed.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





37 - 69


Spatial cognition, attractor dynamics, continuous attractor neural networks, head direction cells, path integration, Action Potentials, Animals, Computer Simulation, Head, Head Movements, Humans, Models, Neurological, Motion Perception, Nerve Net, Neural Pathways, Neurons, Nonlinear Dynamics, Space Perception