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Most genes involved in DNA replication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are transcribed transiently during late G1 as cells become committed to a new cell cycle at Start. Their promoters all contain one or more versions of an 8-base-pair motif (ACGCGTNA) containing an MluI restriction enzyme site and called the MluI cell-cycle box (MCB). MCBs are both necessary and sufficient for the late G1-specific transcription of the TMP1 thymidylate synthase and POL1 DNA polymerase genes. A different late G1-specific 8-base-pair transcription element called the SCB (CACGAAAA; ref. 5) is bound by a factor containing the Swi4 and Swi6 proteins. We describe here the formation in vitro of complexes on TMP1 MCBs that contain the Swi6 protein and, we suggest, a protein of relative molecular mass 120,000 (p120) that is distinct from Swi4. Transcription due to SCBs and MCBs occurs in the absence of Swi6 but it is no longer correctly regulated in the cell cycle. We suggest that Swi6 is an essential regulatory subunit of two different Start-dependent transcription factors. One factor (SBF) contains Swi4 and binds to SCBs, whereas the other (MBF) contains the protein p120 and binds MCBs.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





508 - 513


Bacterial Proteins, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Cell Cycle, DNA Replication, DNA, Fungal, DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase, Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific, Fungal Proteins, G1 Phase, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Thymidylate Synthase, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, beta-Galactosidase