Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

RATIONALE: A 44-base-pair insertion/deletion polymorphism in the promoter region of the human serotonin (5-HT) transporter (5-HTT) gene gives rise to a bi-allelic polymorphism designated long (l) and short (s). The s variant is associated with a lower expression of 5-HTT sites and a reduced efficiency of 5-HT reuptake. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether the increase in brain 5-HT function produced by acute 5-HT reuptake blockade is influenced by the 5-HTT promoter l/s polymorphism. METHODS: We measured the increase in plasma prolactin that follows acute administration of the tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine as an index of 5-HT neurotransmission in 14 healthy female subjects (7 with ss genotype and 7 with ll genotype) using a placebo-controlled crossover design. RESULTS: Clomipramine-induced prolactin release was significantly greater in subjects with the ll genotype. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that acute 5-HT reuptake blockade produces a greater increase in 5-HT neurotransmission in subjects with the ll genotype than in those with an ss genotype. These results are consistent with clinical data indicating that subjects with an ss genotype may have a poorer therapeutic response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) monotherapy.


Journal article


Psychopharmacology (Berl)

Publication Date





120 - 122


Adult, Analysis of Variance, Carrier Proteins, Clomipramine, Female, Genotype, Humans, Male, Membrane Glycoproteins, Membrane Transport Proteins, Middle Aged, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Polymorphism, Genetic, Prolactin, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins, Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors