Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Lacunar brain infarcts and cerebral white matter lesions are frequently observed on magnetic resonance imaging scans in elderly subjects. These lesions are also frequent in patient with cerebral amyloid angiopathy. We examined whether plasma amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) levels are associated with lacunar infarcts and white matter lesions in the general population, and whether the apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype modifies these associations. We studied 1,077 participants within the population-based Rotterdam Scan Study, who were 60 to 90 years of age and free of dementia. Cross-sectional associations were analyzed by regression models with adjustments for age, sex, creatinine levels, and hypertension. In APOE epsilon4 carriers, plasma Abeta levels were positively associated with lacunar infarcts and white matter lesions, whereas in noncarriers no associations were observed. Per standard deviation increase in Abeta(1-40) and Abeta(1-42) levels the odds ratios for lacunar infarcts were 1.72 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.22-2.43) and 1.93 (95% CI = 1.31-2.85), the periventricular white matter lesion grade increased by 0.32 (95% CI = 0.08-0.57) and 0.29 (95% CI = 0.00-0.57), and the subcortical white matter lesion volume increased by 0.48 ml (95% CI = 0.04-0.91) and 0.24 ml (95% CI = -0.27-0.75). Higher Abeta levels are associated with more lacunar infarcts and white matter lesions in elderly subjects who carry an APOE epsilon4 allele.

Original publication




Journal article


Ann Neurol

Publication Date





570 - 575


Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Amyloid beta-Peptides, Apolipoprotein E4, Apolipoproteins E, Brain Infarction, Confidence Intervals, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Middle Aged, Nerve Fibers, Myelinated, Odds Ratio