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Biological processes are commonly controlled by precise protein-protein interactions. These connections rely on specific amino acids at the binding interfaces. Here we predict the binding residues of such interprotein complexes. We have developed a suite of methods, i-Patch, which predict the interprotein contact sites by considering the two proteins as a network, with residues as nodes and contacts as edges. i-Patch starts with two proteins, A and B, which are assumed to interact, but for which the structure of the complex is not available. However, we assume that for each protein, we have a reference structure and a multiple sequence alignment of homologues. i-Patch then uses the propensities of patches of residues to interact, to predict interprotein contact sites. i-Patch outperforms several other tested algorithms for prediction of interprotein contact sites. It gives 59% precision with 20% recall on a blind test set of 31 protein pairs. Combining the i-Patch scores with an existing correlated mutation algorithm, McBASC, using a logistic model gave little improvement. Results from a case study, on bacterial chemotaxis protein complexes, demonstrate that our predictions can identify contact residues, as well as suggesting unknown interfaces in multiprotein complexes.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





2781 - 2797


Algorithms, Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins, Binding Sites, Computational Biology, Membrane Proteins, Methyl-Accepting Chemotaxis Proteins, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Binding, Protein Interaction Mapping, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Proteins, Reproducibility of Results, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid