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Vulpes cana is strictly nocturnal. As studied in Israel, onset of activity is strongly correlated with light (sunset), but variation in the time when activity ceases, in nighly distances traveled, and in the total duration of nightly activity are not easily explained and may be related to nightly foraging success. Weather conditions have no significant effect on activity patterns. Blanford's foxes tend to leave the vicinity of their daytime lairs shortly after activity begins and return there during the second half of the night. Some individuals travel a predictable route, especially during the first half of the night. This time-tabling in the movement of pair members may be a mechanism that minimizes interference between foxes while foraging. -Authors

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of Mammalogy

Publication Date





455 - 463