Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Among the Carnivora the presence of non-breeding adults within social groups seems to be widespread, and evidence is accumulating that these individuals sometimes contribute to the survival of young born to other group members who may, or may not, be their relatives1,2. I describe here studies of both wild and captive red foxes, Vulpes vulpes, and report that non-breeding vixens occur in fox groups in some habitats. These barren vixens are subordinate to the breeding females, and may feed, guard, groom and play with the cubs of the breeding vixen within their group. © 1979 Nature Publishing Group.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/282069a0

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nature

Publication Date

01/12/1979

Volume

282

Pages

69 - 71