Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The activity patterns of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) living and breeding in urban areas of Oxford, and the interactions between individuals, were analysed from detailed radio-tracking data on 17 adults. Foxes were nocturnal and active during the night for a mean of 6 h 52 min ± 10 min, irrespective of the time of year. The number of active/resting periods increased in autumn and winter, and in winter and spring the night was characteristically divided into several short cycles of activity of 2 2 1/4 h each, interspersed with similar periods of rest. The foxes occupied mutually exclusive group ranges and group members remained within 50 m of each other for up to one-third of the time spent active at night. The implications of fox spatial relationships for rabies transmission are discussed.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of Zoology

Publication Date





73 - 87