Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

1. This study examined the ability of various nitro-vasodilators, 8-bromo cyclic guanosine 3':5' monophosphate (8-BrcGMP) and forskolin to relax rings of rat thoracic aorta pre-contracted with either noradrenaline (0.1 microM) or the protein kinase C activators, phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB, 0.1 microM) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, 0.5 microM). 2. In noradrenaline pre-contracted rings, acetylcholine (10 nM-10 microM), sodium nitroprusside (1 nM-0.5 microM), the calcium ionophore A23187 (10 nM-10 microM) and 8-BrcGMP (10 mM) totally reversed the smooth muscle contraction. In PDB-contracted aortic rings acetylcholine, sodium nitroprusside and 8-BrcGMP-induced relaxation was reduced compared to that in noradrenaline-contracted aortic rings, but A23187 and forskolin-induced relaxations were unaffected. Both acetylcholine and A23187-induced relaxations in PDB-contracted rings were abolished in the presence of the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor N omega-nitro-L-arginine (NOLA, 100 microM). 3. Acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were even less potent in their ability to relax PMA-contracted aortic rings compared with noradrenaline and PDB-contracted rings. A23187-induced relaxation was also inhibited in PMA-contracted rings. 4. These results show that protein kinase C activation reduces the ability of agents which liberate nitric oxide to induce smooth muscle relaxation, and also inhibits the biochemical pathways which are subsequently activated by nitric oxide and lead to vascular smooth muscle relaxation.

Original publication




Journal article


Gen Pharmacol

Publication Date





581 - 588


Acetylcholine, Animals, Aorta, Thoracic, Calcimycin, Endothelium, Vascular, Enzyme Activation, Female, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Muscle Relaxation, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Nitric Oxide, Nitroprusside, Phorbol 12,13-Dibutyrate, Protein Kinase C, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate