Differential distribution of the synapsins in the rat olfactory bulb.
Stone LM., Browning MD., Finger TE.
The distribution of the different forms of synapsin in the rat olfactory bulb was investigated by biochemical and immunocytochemical methods. Western blots of tissue derived from microdissection of the surface and core regions of the olfactory bulb were performed using antibodies to synapsin I and synapsin II. The relative levels of the synapsins in the core region of the olfactory bulb were similar to the cerebral cortex. In contrast, the surface region of the olfactory bulb had significantly higher levels of synapsin IIa and significantly lower levels of synapsin I, relative to the cortex. Immunocytochemical localization of synapsin I and synapsin II revealed that synapsin I immunoreactivity was the most dense in the external plexiform layer and in the glomeruli; immunoreactivity was also present in the granule cell layer and the periglomerular regions. Synapsin II immunoreactivity was the most dense in the glomeruli. The external plexiform layer, internal plexiform layer, and granule cell layer exhibited much lower immunoreactivity. To determine the source of synapsin II immunoreactivity in the glomeruli, the olfactory epithelium was damaged to decrease the primary afferent input to the bulb. Three to four days later, olfactory bulb sections were double labeled with anti-olfactory marker protein (OMP) antibodies and anti-synapsin II antibodies. Following denervation, both OMP and synapsin II immunoreactivities were diminished, and continued to colocalize in regions retaining immunoreactivity. Individual puncta were immunoreactive for both OMP and synapsin II. Occasional puncta contained only synapsin II immunoreactivity. These results indicate that the distribution of the synapsins in the olfactory bulb differs from most other brain regions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)