The use of dwell time cross-correlation functions to study single-ion channel gating kinetics.
Ball FG., Kerry CJ., Ramsey RL., Sansom MS., Usherwood PN.
The derivation of cross-correlation functions from single-channel dwell (open and closed) times is described. Simulation of single-channel data for simple gating models, alongside theoretical treatment, is used to demonstrate the relationship of cross-correlation functions to underlying gating mechanisms. It is shown that time irreversibility of gating kinetics may be revealed in cross-correlation functions. Application of cross-correlation function analysis to data derived from the locust muscle glutamate receptor-channel provides evidence for multiple gateway states and time reversibility of gating. A model for the gating of this channel is used to show the effect of omission of brief channel events on cross-correlation functions.