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We present the results of 2-ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a hexameric bundle of Alm helices in a 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer. These simulations explore the dynamic properties of a model of a helix bundle channel in a complete phospholipid bilayer in an aqueous environment. We explore the stability and conformational dynamics of the bundle in a phospholipid bilayer. We also investigate the effect on bundle stability of the ionization state of the ring of Glu18 side chains. If all of the Glu18 side chains are ionised, the bundle is unstable; if none of the Glu18 side chains are ionized, the bundle is stable. pKA calculations suggest that either zero or one ionized Glu18 is present at neutral pH, correlating with the stable form of the helix bundle. The structural and dynamic properties of water in this model channel were examined. As in earlier in vacuo simulations (Breed et al., 1996 .Biophys. J. 70:1643-1661), the dipole moments of water molecules within the pore were aligned antiparallel to the helix dipoles. This contributes to the stability of the helix bundle.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biophys J

Publication Date

04/1999

Volume

76

Pages

1757 - 1769

Keywords

Alamethicin, Amino Acid Sequence, Biophysical Phenomena, Biophysics, Computer Simulation, Ion Channels, Lipid Bilayers, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Phosphatidylcholines, Protein Conformation, Protein Structure, Secondary, Thermodynamics, Water