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© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Life history evolution requires genetic variation between individuals, and selection on the life history strategy. It is unusual for life history traits to be under simple genetic control, and in the vast majority of cases the genetic architecture underpinning life histories, or life history traits, is unknown. When this is the case, researchers need to make assumptions about the inheritance mechanisms. Several approaches are used. In this article, the author briefly reviews the approaches most frequently used, highlights their strengths and limitations, and provides examples.

Original publication





Book title

Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology

Publication Date



259 - 263