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G3(3) is a novel murine monoclonal antibody directed against the CD3 antigen of human T lymphocytes which could be used to analyze lymphoid malignancies. We have produced and characterized a recombinant colorimetric immunoconjugate with the antigen-binding specificity of antibody G3(3). A gene encoding a single-chain antibody variable fragment (scFv) was assembled using the original hybridoma cells as a source of antibody variable heavy (VH) and variable light (VL) chain genes. The chimeric gene was introduced into a prokaryotic expression vector in order to produce a soluble scFv fused to bacterial alkaline phosphatase. DNA sequencing and Western blotting analyses demonstrated the integrity of the soluble immunoconjugate recovered from induced recombinant bacteria. The scFv/AP protein was bifunctional and similar in immunoreactivity to the parent G3(3) antibody. Flow cytometry and immunostaining experiments confirmed that the activity of the scFv/AP protein compares favourably with that of the parent antibody. The scFv/AP conjugate was bound to CD3 antigen at the surface of T cells and was directly detected by its enzymatic activity. Thus this novel fusion protein has potential applications as an immunodiagnostic reagent.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biol Chem

Volume

361

Pages

173 - 178