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High-resolution 31P nuclear-magnetic-resonance (NMR) spectra are reported for oil-palm (Elaeis guineensis) cells in suspension culture. The spectra are a significant improvement on the results that have appeared for other cultures and they are comparable with the spectra of the meristematic tissue in seedling roots. The NMR technique was used in parallel with other analytical methods to investigate the growth characteristics of the suspension culture, including the effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid.


Journal article


Biosci Rep

Publication Date





1141 - 1148


2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid, Culture Techniques, Cytoplasm, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Phosphorus, Plant Development, Plants