Mathematical model of the fission yeast cell cycle with checkpoint controls at the G1/S, G2/M and metaphase/anaphase transitions
Novak B., Csikasz-Nagy A., Gyorffy B., Chen K., Tyson JJ.
All events of the fission yeast cell cycle can be orchestrated by fluctuations of a single cyclin-dependent protein kinase, the Cdc13/Cdc2 heterodimer. The G1/S transition is controlled by interactions of Cdc13/Cdc2 and its stoichiometric inhibitor, Rum1. The G2/M transition is regulated by a kinase-phosphatase pair, Wee1 and Cdc25, which determine the phosphorylation state of the Tyr-15 residue of Cdc2. The meta/anaphase transition is controlled by interactions between Cdc13/Cdc2 and the anaphase promoting complex, which labels Cdc13 subunits for proteolysis. We construct a mathematical model of fission yeast growth and division that encompasses all three crucial checkpoint controls. By numerical simulations we show that the model is consistent with a broad selection of cell cycle mutants, and we predict the phenotypes of several multiple-mutant strains that have not yet been constructed.