Regularities and irregularities in the cell cycle of the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe (a review)
Sveiczer A., Novak B.
In an exponentially growing wild-type fission yeast culture a size control mechanism ensures that mitosis is executed only if the cells have reached a critical size. However, there is some scattering both in cell length at birth (BL) and in cycle time (CT). By computational simulations we show here that this scattering cannot be explained solely by asymmetric cell division, therefore we assume that nuclear division is a stochastic, asymmetric process as well. We introduce an appropriate stochastic variable into a mathematical model and prove that this assumption is suitable to describe the CT vs. BL graph in a wild-type fission yeast population. In a double mutant of fission yeast (namely wee1-50 cdc25 delta) this CT vs. BL plot is even more curious: cycle time splits into three different values resulting in three clusters in this coordinate system. We show here that it is possible to describe these quantized cycles by choosing the appropriate values of the key parameters of mitotic entry and exit and even more the clustered behavior may be simulated by applying a further stochastic parameter.