Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Diabetogenic T-cells can be detected in pre-diabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice after transfer in NOD-SCID recipients. Here we demonstrate that 6-week-old pre-diabetic NOD mice, >2 months before disease onset, already harbor pathogenic T-cells in equal numbers to overtly diabetic animals. The delay in diabetes appearance is explained by the presence of regulatory CD4+ CD25+ T-cells that control diabetogenic effectors and that are, in our hands, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-dependent. Our present results suggest, however, that diabetes onset is only partly explained by a decline in this regulatory T-cell activity. Another major factor appears to be the progressive resistance of diabetogenic cells to TGF-beta-dependent mediated inhibition. We propose that progression to overt disease correlates with the pathogenic T-cell's escape from TGF-beta-dependent T-cell-mediated regulation.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabetes

Publication Date

05/2005

Volume

54

Pages

1415 - 1422

Keywords

Adoptive Transfer, Aging, Animals, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cytokines, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Mice, Inbred NOD, Mice, SCID, Receptors, Interleukin-2, Spleen, T-Lymphocytes