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INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease and diabetes mellitus are linked by epidemiology, genetics, and molecular pathogenesis. They may also be linked by the remarkable observation that insulin signaling sets the limits on longevity. In worms, flies, and mice, disrupting insulin signaling increases life span leading to speculation that caloric restriction might extend life span in man. It is our contention that man is already a long-lived organism, specifically with a remarkably high postfertility life span, and that it is this that results in the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and diabetes. METHODS: We review evidence for this hypothesis that carries specific predictions including that other animals with exceptionally long postreproductive life span will have increased risk of both diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We present novel evidence that Dolphin, like man, an animal with exceptional longevity, might be one of the very few natural models of Alzheimer's disease.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jalz.2017.08.014

Type

Journal article

Journal

Alzheimers Dement

Publication Date

02/2018

Volume

14

Pages

195 - 204

Keywords

Alzheimer's pathology, Amyloid, Animal models, GSK-3, Insulin signaling, Longevity, Tau