Changes in functional coupling patterns during bimanual task performance.
Serrien DJ., Brown P.
Functional interaction between cortical areas may involve synchronization of activities, manifest as coherence between EEG signals. However, although EEG-EEG coherence changes when motor tasks are compared to each other or rest, there is little evidence that coherence is modulated within an action. To address this issue we used a bimanual drawer-opening task necessitating asymmetrical hand actions and comprising distinct movement phases. Pronounced modulations in EEG-EEG coherence in the beta band (>12-24 Hz) occurred with movement phase. Differences in coherence due to a switch in role of the hands were mainly observed in the alpha band (8-12 Hz). These findings suggest that inter-regional synchronization changes dynamically across task execution in line with behavioral performance.