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In flies, Centrosomin (Cnn) forms a phosphorylation-dependent scaffold that recruits proteins to the mitotic centrosome, but how Cnn assembles into a scaffold is unclear. We show that scaffold assembly requires conserved leucine zipper (LZ) and Cnn-motif 2 (CM2) domains that co-assemble into a 2:2 complex in vitro. We solve the crystal structure of the LZ:CM2 complex, revealing that both proteins form helical dimers that assemble into an unusual tetramer. A slightly longer version of the LZ can form micron-scale structures with CM2, whose assembly is stimulated by Plk1 phosphorylation in vitro. Mutating individual residues that perturb LZ:CM2 tetramer assembly perturbs the formation of these micron-scale assemblies in vitro and Cnn-scaffold assembly in vivo. Thus, Cnn molecules have an intrinsic ability to form large, LZ:CM2-interaction-dependent assemblies that are critical for mitotic centrosome assembly. These studies provide the first atomic insight into a molecular interaction required for mitotic centrosome assembly.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.cell.2017.05.030

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cell

Publication Date

01/06/2017

Volume

169

Pages

1078 - 1089.e13

Keywords

Centrosomin, Cnn, PCM, Plk1, centriole, centrosome, mitosis, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Centrosome, Drosophila Proteins, Drosophila melanogaster, Homeodomain Proteins, Mitosis, Models, Molecular, Phosphorylation, Protein Domains, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Sequence Alignment