No evidence of association or interaction between the IL4RA, IL4, and IL13 genes in type 1 diabetes.
Maier LM., Chapman J., Howson JMM., Clayton DG., Pask R., Strachan DP., McArdle WL., Twells RCJ., Todd JA.
Attempts to identify susceptibility loci that, on their own, have marginal main effects by use of gene-gene interaction tests have increased in popularity. The results obtained from analyses of epistasis are, however, difficult to interpret. Gene-gene interaction, albeit only marginally significant, has recently been reported for the interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 genes (IL4 and IL13) with the interleukin-4 receptor A gene (IL4RA), contributing to the susceptibility of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We aimed to replicate these findings by genotyping both large family and case-control data sets and by using previously published data. Gene-gene interaction tests were performed using linear regression models in cases only. We did not find any single-locus associations with T1D and did not obtain evidence of gene-gene interaction. Additional support from independent samples will be even more important in the study of gene-gene interactions and other subgroup analyses.