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We report two cases of combined hamatoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHR-RPE), illustrated with ultrasonography, optical coherence tomography, fundus fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography images. CHR-RPE could clinically mimic several other retinal conditions. Failure to distinguish it from serious malignancies such as choroidal melanoma or retinoblastoma has led to unnecessary enucleation in the past. Through these case reports and a review of literature, we show the diagnostic features of CHR-RPE, its key differential diagnoses and the management options.

Original publication




Journal article


BMJ Case Rep

Publication Date





Adolescent, Adult, Angiography, Coloring Agents, Diagnosis, Differential, Fluorescein, Fluorescent Dyes, Hamartoma, Humans, Indocyanine Green, Male, Retinal Neoplasms, Retinal Pigment Epithelium, Tomography, Optical Coherence, Ultrasonography, Young Adult