Association between a PS-1 intronic polymorphism and late onset Alzheimer's disease.
Kehoe P., Williams J., Holmans P., Liddell M., Lovestone S., Holmes C., Powell J., Neal J., Wilcock G., Owen MJ.
Previous work suggests an association between allele 1 and the 1-1 genotype of an intronic polymorphism in the presenilin-1 (PS-1) gene and late onset Alzheimer's disease. We found an excess of the 1-1 genotype in our late onset clinical sample (p = 0.006, one-tailed) but not in our postmortem confirmed sample, which instead exhibited an excess of allele 1 (p = 0.02, one-tailed). No interaction between PS-1 and ApoE genotype was detected and the findings remained significant when the effects of ApoE were taken into account (p = 0.03, one-tailed). These results suggest that the PS-1 polymorphism, or a locus in linkage disequilibrium with it, acts as a risk factor for late onset AD.