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Chromosome silencing by Xist RNA occurs in two steps; localisation in cis within the nuclear matrix to form a domain that corresponds to the territory of the inactive X chromosome elect, and transduction of silencing signals from Xist RNA to the underlying chromatin. Key factors that mediate these processes have been identified in a series of recent studies that harnessed comprehensive proteomic or genetic screening strategies. In this review we discuss these findings in light of prior knowledge both of Xist-mediated silencing and known functions/properties of the novel factors.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.semcdb.2016.01.029

Type

Journal article

Journal

Semin Cell Dev Biol

Publication Date

08/2016

Volume

56

Pages

58 - 70

Keywords

Chromatin, Epigenetic, Non-coding RNA, X chromosome inactivation, Xist, Animals, Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins, Humans, Models, Genetic, RNA, Long Noncoding, RNA-Binding Proteins, X Chromosome Inactivation