A new physical mapping approach refines the sex-determining gene positions on the Silene latifolia Y-chromosome.
Kazama Y., Ishii K., Aonuma W., Ikeda T., Kawamoto H., Koizumi A., Filatov DA., Chibalina M., Bergero R., Charlesworth D., Abe T., Kawano S.
Sex chromosomes are particularly interesting regions of the genome for both molecular genetics and evolutionary studies; yet, for most species, we lack basic information, such as the gene order along the chromosome. Because they lack recombination, Y-linked genes cannot be mapped genetically, leaving physical mapping as the only option for establishing the extent of synteny and homology with the X chromosome. Here, we developed a novel and general method for deletion mapping of non-recombining regions by solving "the travelling salesman problem", and evaluate its accuracy using simulated datasets. Unlike the existing radiation hybrid approach, this method allows us to combine deletion mutants from different experiments and sources. We applied our method to a set of newly generated deletion mutants in the dioecious plant Silene latifolia and refined the locations of the sex-determining loci on its Y chromosome map.