Optical traps: Shedding light on biological processes
Allaway D., Schofield NA., Poole PS.
Optical traps exploit the radiation forces of laser light to manipulate microscopic particles. The ability to manipulate biological material and quantify the force required has been exploited in the biosciences; from the isolation of single cells to kinetic measurements of single motor molecules. This review describes the theory of optical trapping and using recent publications gives examples of how it has been employed across a broad spectrum of biological research.