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In recent years, a large number of coiled-coil proteins localised to the Golgi apparatus have been identified using antisera from human patients with a variety of autoimmune conditions [1]. Because of their common method of discovery and extensive regions of coiled-coil, they have been classified as a family of proteins, the golgins [1]. This family includes golgin-230/245/256, golgin-97, GM130/golgin-95, golgin-160/MEA-2/GCP170, giantin/macrogolgin and a related group of proteins - possibly splice variants - GCP372 and GCP364[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]. GM130 and giantin have been shown to function in the p115-mediated docking of vesicles with Golgi cisternae [12]. In this process, p115, another coiled-coil protein, is though to bind to giantin on vesicles and to GM130 on cisternae, thus acting as a tether holding the two together [12] [13]. Apart from giantin and GM130, none of the golgins has yet been assigned a function in the Golgi apparatus. In order to obtain clues as to the functions of the golgins, the targeting to the Golgi apparatus of two members of this family, golgin-230/245/256 and golgin-97, was investigated. Each of these proteins was shown to target to the Golgi apparatus through a carboxy-terminal domain containing a conserved tyrosine residue, which was critical for targeting. The domain preferentially bound to Rab6 on protein blots, and mutations that abolished Golgi targeting resulted in a loss of this interaction. Sequence analysis revealed that a family of coiled-coil proteins from mammals, worms and yeast contain this domain at their carboxyl termini. One of these proteins, yeast Imh1p, has previously been shown to have a tight genetic interaction with Rab6 [14]. On the basis of these data, it is proposed that this family of coiled-coil proteins functions in Rab6-regulated membrane-tethering events.


Journal article


Curr Biol

Publication Date





381 - 384


Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Autoantigens, Binding Sites, Carrier Proteins, Golgi Apparatus, Green Fluorescent Proteins, HeLa Cells, Humans, Luminescent Proteins, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, rab GTP-Binding Proteins, ras Proteins