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Accurate chromosome segregation during mitosis and meiosis depends on shugoshin proteins that prevent precocious dissociation of cohesin from centromeres. Shugoshins associate with PP2A, which is thought to dephosphorylate cohesin and thereby prevent cleavage by separase during meiosis I. A crystal structure of a complex between a fragment of human Sgo1 and an AB'C PP2A holoenzyme reveals that Sgo1 forms a homodimeric parallel coiled coil that docks simultaneously onto PP2A's C and B' subunits. Sgo1 homodimerization is a prerequisite for PP2A binding. While hSgo1 interacts only with the AB'C holoenzymes, its relative, Sgo2, interacts with all PP2A forms and may thus lead to dephosphorylation of distinct substrates. Mutant shugoshin proteins defective in the binding of PP2A cannot protect centromeric cohesin from separase during meiosis I or support the spindle assembly checkpoint in yeast. Finally, we provide evidence that PP2A's recruitment to chromosomes may be sufficient to protect cohesin from separase in mammalian oocytes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.molcel.2009.06.031

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mol Cell

Publication Date

28/08/2009

Volume

35

Pages

426 - 441

Keywords

Animals, Binding Sites, Catalytic Domain, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cells, Cultured, Centromere, Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone, Crystallography, X-Ray, Endopeptidases, Female, Humans, Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions, Meiosis, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Models, Molecular, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, Oocytes, Protein Conformation, Protein Multimerization, Protein Phosphatase 2, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Protein Subunits, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Separase, Spindle Apparatus