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Negative interpretation is thought to be crucial in the development and maintenance of depression. Recently developed cognitive bias modification paradigms, intending to change these biases towards a more optimistic interpretation tendency (CBM-I), seem to offer new promising implications for cognitive therapy innovation. This study aimed to increase our knowledge of the underlying mechanisms of action of imagery-based CBM-I in the context of depressed mood. We therefore compared the efficacy of CBM-I requiring participants to imagine standardized positive resolutions to a novel, more active training version that required participants to generate the positive interpretations themselves. Fifty-four participants were randomly allocated to (1) standardized CBM-I, (2) self-generation CBM-I or (3) a control group. Outcome measures included self-report mood measures and a depression-related interpretation bias measure. Both positive training variants significantly increased the tendency to interpret fresh ambiguous material in an optimistic manner. However, only the standardized imagery CBM-I paradigm positively influenced mood.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jad.2013.09.013

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Affect Disord

Publication Date

01/2014

Volume

152-154

Pages

212 - 218

Keywords

Cognitive bias modification, Cognitive processing, Depression, Interpretation bias, Mental imagery, Affect, Cognition, Depression, Female, Humans, Imagery (Psychotherapy), Imagination, Male, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Young Adult