Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We explored the function of endogenous type I IFNs (IFN-1) in the colon using the T cell adoptive transfer model of colitis. Colon mononuclear phagocytes (MPs) constitutively produced IFN-1 in a Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adapter-inducing IFN-β-dependent manner. Transfer of CD4(+)CD45RB(hi) T cells from wild-type (WT) or IFN-α/β receptor subunit 1 knockout (IFNAR1(-/-)) mice into RAG(-/-) hosts resulted in similar onset and severity of colitis. In contrast, RAG(-/-) × IFNAR1(-/-) double knockout (DKO) mice developed accelerated severe colitis compared with RAG(-/-) hosts when transferred with WT CD4(+)CD45RB(hi) T cells. IFNAR signaling on host hematopoietic cells was required to delay colitis development. MPs isolated from the colon lamina propria of IFNAR1(-/-) mice produced less IL-10, IL-1R antagonist, and IL-27 compared with WT MPs. Accelerated colitis development in DKO mice was characterized by early T cell proliferation and accumulation of CD11b(+)CD103(-) dendritic cells in the mesenteric lymph nodes, both of which could be reversed by systemic administration of IL-1R antagonist (anakinra). Cotransfer of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) from WT or IFNAR1(-/-) mice prevented disease caused by CD4(+)CD45RB(hi) T cells. However, WT CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(GFP+) Tregs cotransferred with CD4(+)CD45RB(hi) T cells into DKO hosts failed to expand or maintain Foxp3 expression and gained effector functions in the colon. To our knowledge, these data are the first to demonstrate an essential role for IFN-1 in the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines by gut MPs and the indirect maintenance of intestinal T cell homeostasis by both limiting effector T cell expansion and promoting Treg stability.

Original publication

DOI

10.4049/jimmunol.1301093

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Immunol

Publication Date

01/09/2013

Volume

191

Pages

2771 - 2779

Keywords

Adoptive Transfer, Animals, Colitis, Cytokines, Disease Models, Animal, Flow Cytometry, Interferon Type I, Leukocytes, Mononuclear, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Signal Transduction, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory