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The major coat protein of bacteriophage M13 was incorporated in mixed dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine/dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (80/20 w/w) vesicles probed with different spin-labeled phospholipids, labeled on the C-14 atom of the sn-2 chain. The specificity for a series of phospholipids was determined from a motionally restricted component seen in the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of vesicles with the coat protein incorporated. At 30 degrees C and pH 8, the fraction of motionally restricted phosphatidic acid spin-label is 0.36, 0.52, and 0.72 for lipid/protein ratios of 18, 14, and 9 mol/mol, respectively. The ESR spectra, analyzed by digital subtraction, resulted in a phospholipid preference following the pattern cardiolipin = phosphatidic acid greater than stearic acid = phosphatidylserine = phosphatidylglycerol greater than phosphatidylcholine = phosphatidylethanolamine. The specificities found are related to the composition of the target Escherichia coli cytoplasmic membrane.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochemistry

Publication Date

01/12/1987

Volume

26

Pages

7571 - 7574

Keywords

Coliphages, Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Escherichia coli, Lipid Bilayers, Molecular Conformation, Phosphatidylglycerols, Protein Conformation, Spin Labels, Viral Envelope Proteins