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Substituted imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines are pharmaceutically important small molecule inhibitors of the gastric H+/K+-ATPase, the membrane-bound therapeutic target for peptic ulcer disease. A non-perturbing analytical technique, rotational resonance NMR spectroscopy, was used to measure a precise (to +/-0.2 A) distance between atomic sites in a substituted imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine, TMPIP, bound to H+/K+-ATPase at its high-affinity site in the intact, native membrane. The structural analysis of the enzyme-inhibitor complex revealed that the flexible moiety of TMPIP adopts a 'syn-type' conformation at its site of action. Hence, the conformation of an inhibitor has been resolved directly under near-physiological conditions, providing a sound experimental basis for rational design of many active compounds of pharmaceutical interest. Chemically restraining the flexible moiety of compounds like TMPIP in the syn-type binding conformation was found to increase activity by over 2 orders of magnitude. Such information is normally only available after extensive synthesis of related compounds and multiple screening approaches.

Type

Journal article

Journal

FEBS Lett

Publication Date

30/06/1997

Volume

410

Pages

269 - 274

Keywords

H(+)-K(+)-Exchanging ATPase, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Molecular Structure, Proton Pump Inhibitors, Pyridines, Stomach