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OBJECTIVE: We investigate the implications of high magnetic field strength on MR venography based on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) and estimate the optimum echo time to obtain maximum contrast between blood and brain tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured tissue contrast and T2* relaxation times at 7 T of gray matter, white matter, and venous blood in vivo. RESULTS: T2* relaxation times of gray matter, white matter, and venous blood in vivo yielded 32.9 +/- 2.3, 27.7 +/- 4.3, and 7.4 +/- 1.4 ms, respectively. Optimum TE was found to be 15 ms which is supported by theoretical considerations. Using this optimum TE, we acquired 3D high resolution datasets with a large volume coverage in a short measurement time that show very detailed microanatomical structures of the human brain such as intracortical veins and laminar cortical substructures. CONCLUSIONS: By applying optimised vessel filters (vesselness filter and vessel enhancing diffusion) whole brain MR venograms can be obtained at 7 T with a significantly reduced measurement time compared to 3 T.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





149 - 158


Brain, Brain Mapping, Computer Simulation, Diagnostic Imaging, Electromagnetic Fields, Equipment Design, Filtration, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Models, Statistical, Phlebography, Time Factors