Bidirectional Ca²⁺ signaling occurs between the endoplasmic reticulum and acidic organelles.
Morgan AJ., Davis LC., Wagner SK., Lewis AM., Parrington J., Churchill GC., Galione A.
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and acidic organelles (endo-lysosomes) act as separate Ca(2+) stores that release Ca(2+) in response to the second messengers IP3 and cADPR (ER) or NAADP (acidic organelles). Typically, trigger Ca(2+) released from acidic organelles by NAADP subsequently recruits IP3 or ryanodine receptors on the ER, an anterograde signal important for amplification and Ca(2+) oscillations/waves. We therefore investigated whether the ER can signal back to acidic organelles, using organelle pH as a reporter of NAADP action. We show that Ca(2+) released from the ER can activate the NAADP pathway in two ways: first, by stimulating Ca(2+)-dependent NAADP synthesis; second, by activating NAADP-regulated channels. Moreover, the differential effects of EGTA and BAPTA (slow and fast Ca(2+) chelators, respectively) suggest that the acidic organelles are preferentially activated by local microdomains of high Ca(2+) at junctions between the ER and acidic organelles. Bidirectional organelle communication may have wider implications for endo-lysosomal function as well as the generation of Ca(2+) oscillations and waves.