recA gene expression in a streptomycete is mediated by the unusual C-terminus of RecA protein.
Ahel I., Mikoc A., Gamulin V.
Streptomyces RecA proteins are characterized by a conserved, positively charged extension of unknown function appended at their C-termini. To investigate the function of this element, we introduced the Streptomyces rimosus recA gene and its mutant form encoding the protein with a C-terminal deletion into S. rimosus. Both transcript and protein levels were dramatically increased in the strain expressing the truncated gene compared to the strain bearing the wild-type recA, indicating involvement of the characteristic C-terminal extension in regulating the recA expression in Streptomyces. Considering that RecA acts as a major regulator of DNA damage response in bacteria, this mode of regulation is expected to have broader implications and significance that outreaches our current understanding of RecA autoregulation.