Study of the combined effects of a peracetic acid-based disinfectant and surfactants contained in hospital effluents on Daphnia magna.
Panouillères M., Boillot C., Perrodin Y.
Hospital effluents cause environmental problems since they are 5-15 more toxic than urban effluents and they are not subjected to any pre-treatment before being discharged into urban sewage networks. The hypothesis used to explain this toxicity is the presence of disinfectants and detergents. This study is aimed at highlighting the ecotoxicity of a peracetic acid-based disinfectant to Daphnia magna, as well as the combined effects of this disinfectant in binary mixtures with three types of detergent. The detergents used here are: cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB, cationic), sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS, anionic) and Triton X-100 (TX, non-ionic). The toxicity of the mixtures is studied as a function of five predefined ratios. At the end of the study, we conclude that peracetic acid seems to be slightly toxic to Daphnia magna. Indeed, the efficient concentration inhibiting the mobility of 50% of the population of Daphnia at 24 h (EC50) is 116.6 mg/l. Globally, additive effects are observed for all the binary peracetic acid-detergent mixtures. However, for the peracetic acid-TX mixture, its effects have antagonistic tendencies whereas the peracetic acid-CTAB mixture has slight synergic tendencies. The mixture containing peracetic acid and SDS is slightly antagonistic for ratios containing more than 50% peracetic acid.