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It is now possible to classify the startle syndrome according to underlying physiology (Table 1). This approach to the syndrome has highlighted certain clinical characteristics, which together with electrophysiological assessment, should allow the various causes of the startle syndrome to be distinguished and may eventually form a rational basis for pharmacological intervention.


Journal article


Adv Neurol

Publication Date





273 - 287


Animals, Basal Ganglia, Electromyography, Neurophysiology, Reflex, Reflex, Startle