Forisome dispersion in Vicia faba is triggered by Ca(2+) hotspots created by concerted action of diverse Ca(2+) channels in sieve elements.
Hafke JB., Furch ACU., Fricker MD., van Bel AJE.
Remote-controlled Ca(2+) influx, elicited by electropotential waves, triggers local signaling cascades in sieve elements and companion cells along the phloem of Vicia faba plants. The stimulus strength seems to be communicated by the rate and duration of Ca(2+) influx into sieve elements (SEs). The cooperative recruitment of Ca(2+) channels results in a graded response of forisome culminating in full sieve-tube occlusion. Several lines of evidence are integrated into a model that links the mode and strength of the electropotential waves (EPWs) with forisome dispersion, mediated by transiently enhanced levels of local Ca(2+) release dependent on both plasma membrane and ER Ca(2+) channels.