Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

As our understanding of developmental mechanisms in flowering plant species has become more advanced, an appreciation of the need to understand how distinct plant morphologies are generated has grown. This has led to an awareness of the key morphological differences in distinct land plant groups and to an assessment of the major innovations that occurred during land plant evolution. Recent advances demonstrate how developmental toolkits have been recruited for related purposes in different land plant groups, but the limited number of examples highlights both the infancy of the field and the difficulty of working with non-flowering plants.

Original publication




Journal article


Curr Opin Genet Dev

Publication Date





368 - 373


Biological Evolution, Embryonic Development, Phylogeny, Plant Development, Plants, Seeds, Signal Transduction