Expression, purification and crystallisation of phosphorylase kinase catalytic domain.
Owen DJ., Papageorgiou AC., Garman EF., Noble ME., Johnson LN.
The catalytic subunit of phosphorylase kinase is composed of a kinase catalytic core domain (residues 1 to 298), which has a 33% identity with the kinase core of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, and a C-terminal calmodulin binding domain. The kinase domain of the catalytic subunit has been expressed in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallised in the presence of ATP and magnesium from 5% (w/v) polyethylene glycol 8000, 10% (v/v) glycerol, 50 mM Hepes/NaOH (pH 6.9). A three-fold excess of magnesium to ATP was used for crystal growth. The inclusion of glycerol in the crystallization medium produced a marked reduction in mosaic spread of the diffraction spots from greater than 1 degree to 0.3 degree. The crystals are orthorhombic, space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with unit cell dimensions a = 47.1 A, b = 69.1 A, c = 112.9 A and one molecule per asymmetric unit. Data to 3 A resolution have been collected and structure determination is in progress.