The mitochondrial type II peroxiredoxin F is essential for redox homeostasis and root growth of Arabidopsis thaliana under stress.
Finkemeier I., Goodman M., Lamkemeyer P., Kandlbinder A., Sweetlove LJ., Dietz K-J.
Peroxiredoxins (Prx) have recently moved into the focus of plant and animal research in the context of development, adaptation, and disease, as they function both in antioxidant defense by reducing a broad range of toxic peroxides and in redox signaling relating to the adjustment of cell redox and antioxidant metabolism. At-PrxII F is one of six type II Prx identified in the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana and the only Prx that is targeted to the plant mitochondrion. Therefore, it might be assumed to have functions similar to the human 2-Cys Prx (PRDX3) and type II Prx (PRDX5) and yeast 1-Cys Prx that likewise have mitochondrial localizations. This paper presents a characterization of PrxII F at the level of subcellular distribution, activity, and reductive regeneration by mitochondrial thioredoxin and glutaredoxin. By employing tDNA insertion mutants of A. thaliana lacking expression of AtprxII F (KO-AtPrxII F), it is shown that under optimal environmental conditions the absence of PrxII F is almost fully compensated for, possibly by increases in activity of mitochondrial ascorbate peroxidase and glutathione-dependent peroxidase. However, a stronger inhibition of root growth in KO-AtPrxII F seedlings as compared with wild type is observed under stress conditions induced by CdCl2 as well as after administration of salicylhydroxamic acid, an inhibitor of cyanide-insensitive respiration. Simultaneously, major changes in the abundance of both nuclear and mitochondria-encoded transcripts were observed. These results assign a principal role to PrxII F in antioxidant defense and possibly redox signaling in plants cells.