Molecular analysis of the fragile X syndrome.
Knight SJ., Hirst MC., Davies KE.
Carriers of the fragile X mutation possess more than the normal number of copies of a trinucleotide repeat (CGG) within the coding region of a gene designated as FMR-1 in Xq27. The clinical phenotype is determined by the number of copies of the CGG repeat. DNA-based methods for the detection of the fragile X mutation are now available which greatly assist in the genetic diagnosis of this disorder. Direct detection of the mutation enables the identification of fragile X negative normal transmitting males and fragile X negative carrier females.