Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

African trypanosomes undergo extensive changes in cellular morphology, biochemistry and surface antigen expression as they differentiate from their bloodstream form to those forms that colonise the midgut of their tsetse fly vector. If initiated with stumpy-form cells, a non-dividing sub-type of the bloodstream parasite, differentiation and cell cycle re-entry occur synchronously in the population and provide a means to dissect the respective controls of proliferation and transformation. We have exploited this synchrony to determine the respective importance and hierarchy of the known triggers for differentiation (cis aconitate, temperature drop) for individual components of both differentiation and the cell cycle. This has revealed the pre-eminence of cis aconitate as a primary trigger for parasite differentiation, and has allowed us to determine that the cellular commitment to both differentiation and cell-cycle re-entry are precisely co-incident processes.


Journal article


J Cell Sci

Publication Date



110 ( Pt 20)


2609 - 2618


Aconitic Acid, Animals, Cell Cycle, Cell Differentiation, Temperature, Time Factors, Trypanosoma brucei brucei