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Theory of mind (ToM) reasoning may involve a multiplicity of processes, including an initial stage, where cues relevant for social processes are detected and decoded, and a mentalizing stage, where the decoded information is used to reason about mental states. Here we report that the processing of lower-order facial cues relevant to social judgments can be relatively spared in patients with impaired ToM reasoning. We discuss the implications for understanding the mechanisms underlying social judgments in brain-lesioned patients.

Original publication




Journal article


J Cogn Neurosci

Publication Date





1557 - 1564


Adult, Aged, Emotions, Facial Expression, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders, Mental Processes, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Photic Stimulation, Social Perception