Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We report three experiments in which name verification responses to either objects (Experiments 1 and 2) or hand movements (Experiment 3) were compared with action decisions, where participants verified whether an object is typically used in the way described by a verbal label. In Experiments 1 and 2, we report that action decisions show more consistent and larger effects of the congruency of either a handgrip or a type of movement than do name verification responses, although there was some effect of the congruency of the handgrip on name verification. In Experiment 3, we demonstrate that the congruency of the object being moved affects both action and name verification responses to hand movements. We discuss the]data relative to accounts of how actions and names are accessed by visually presented objects and in relation to work on the information called upon in classification tasks.

Original publication




Journal article


Mem Cognit

Publication Date





1131 - 1146


Adolescent, Adult, Association Learning, Decision Making, Discrimination Learning, Female, Hand Strength, Humans, Male, Mental Recall, Orientation, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Psychomotor Performance, Psychophysics, Reaction Time, Semantics