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We investigated the necessary role of the right parietal lobe in visual word recognition using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TMS was applied to the right posterior parietal lobe and to a control area as participants read aloud words presented either in lower case or in mIxEd-cAsE. The words were presented either with unlimited duration and high contrast (Experiment 1), or with brief presentation and low-contrast (Experiments 2 and 3). In all three experiments, TMS over the parietal area disrupted reading, and in Experiments 2 and 3 this effect was most pronounced for mIxEd-cAsE words. This suggests that the right parietal lobe mediates the recognition of words in unfamiliar formats.

Original publication




Journal article


Exp Brain Res

Publication Date





265 - 271


Adult, Attention, Female, Functional Laterality, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Parietal Lobe, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Photic Stimulation, Reaction Time, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation